Cecilius Calvert statue

Cecilius Calvert statue, public art, Baltimore

Public Art: Cecilius Calvert statue

Sculptor: © Albert Weinert

Description: Englishman Cecil Calvert, Second Baron Baltimore (8 August 1605 – 30 November 1675), was the first Proprietor and Proprietary Governor of the Province of Maryland. Calvert never set foot in Maryland, preferring to manage the province from his home in North Yorkshire, England.

Date Unveiled: The Calvert sculpture was dedicated on November 2nd, 1908.

Location: The Calvert statue stands against the arched entryways of the Clarence Mitchell Jr. Courthouse on St. Paul Street, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

So Who Was Cecil Calvert? Cecil Calvert, an English Roman Catholic, was well known for promoting religious tolerance in the American colony.He had numerous titles including, Second Baron Baltimore, Earl Palatine of the Provinves of Maryland and Avalon in America.

During his 42 year governing of Maryland the area became a haven for Catholics who were suffering religious persecution in England. Ironically his father had all of his ten children baptised under Anglican tradition due to fear but converted to Catholicism in 1625 . It is believed Cecil and his brothers all followed suit. In 1628 Cecil and his family ventured to the new colony of newfoundland but thanks to disease, freezing conditions and the constant attacks from the french the family retreated back to England. By 1633 Cecil had become a barrister.

Cecil's father had long been chasing a charter to found a colony in the mid Atlantic area for English Roman catholics to seek refuge but he would die before his wish was granted. The charter was instead given to his eldest son Cecil by Charles 1 of England in 1632 and the colony was named Maryland after the King's wife Henrietta Maria. Not everyone was happy about the new charter, especially the English supporters of the Virginia colony who became an ongoing headache for Cecil as they had no desire to have another competing colony so close. Cecil decided not to venture to his new colony but sent his brothers Leonard and George instead. Leonard Calvert has an obelisk dedicated to him in the Trinity church yard in St.Mary's city, Maryland. Nothing for poor old George Calvert.

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